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The Different Types of Farming Equipment Available

The agribusiness sector is a dynamic and fast-growing industry. Farmers need to constantly upgrade their equipment if they are to remain competitive in the market. Coupled with the fact that demand for local, sustainable, healthy food is increasing, this creates an opportunity for investors who are looking to get involved in this business.


Tractors are designed to pull other farm equipment, such as cultivators and ploughs, as well as carry loads. They are usually used for cultivation, harvesting, and hauling. There are many types of tractors available, and most of them can be customised to suit specific needs of individual farmers. There are two different types of tractors – those with conventional transmissions, and those with hydrostatic transmissions. The major advantage of a hydrostatic transmission is that you don't have to change gear while you are working. If a tractor with a conventional transmission is used to haul heavy loads, it may have to be operated at low speed, which may not be ideal in all situations. If a hydrostatic-transmission tractor is used in these circumstances, the operator can keep the speed high.


Combines are used for harvesting crops such as wheat, cotton, barley, corn, and canola. There are different types of combines available, including standard, narrow, and specialised models. A standard combine can be used in most situations, but narrow combines are designed for harvesting crops in narrow spaces, whereas specialised combines are designed for specific crops, such as wheat and canola.

A combine harvester is a large machine that separates the seeds from the straw and chaff, threshes the seeds to break them free from the rest of the plant, and then cleans and bags the seeds.

The harvesting process begins with the cutting of the crop with a rotating reel called a reaving knife. The reaving knife cuts the plants off near the ground and feeds them into the harvesting machine.

The machine separates the seeds from the plants and other material.


Sprayers are used to apply fertilisers, herbicides, pesticides, fungicides, and insecticides to crops. There are many types of sprayers available, including hand sprayers, backpack sprayers, trailed sprayers, and mounted sprayers. Sprayers are often custom built to suit individual customer needs. Sprayers are mainly used to apply liquid fertilisers, herbicides, pesticides, fungicides, and insecticides to crops. Some types of sprayers can be used to apply liquid feed to livestock, and some can be used to apply water to crops in dry areas where irrigation is necessary. Sprayers are usually made of metal, fibreglass, or plastic.

Tedders And Rotavators

Tedders are used to collect and dry crop residues, such as straw and rice husks. Rotavators are used to loosen and break up the soil. A rotavator has rotating tines or blades on a long rotating shaft that is pulled through the ground. There are many types of rotavators available, including walking-type rotavators, mounted rotavators, and subsoil rotavators.

Cultivation Equipment

Ploughs are used to turn over the soil and break up the ground to prepare it for planting. Rotary cultivators are used to break up the soil and to prepare ground for sowing seeds or transplanting seedlings. There are various types of cultivators, including mouldboard ploughs, ridge ploughs, disc cultivators, and sharrows.

Harvesting Equipment

For harvesting, combine harvesters are used to cut the crop and lift it into a trailer that is attached to the harvester. The trailer is pulled behind the harvester and is designed to hold the crop until it can be taken to the grain bin, elevator, feedlot, or silo. After the crops have been cut and placed in the trailer, they are hauled to a grain bin or silo by a tractor.

Harvesting equipment includes swathers, reapers, and combines. Swathers are used for harvesting hay and other small crops that are turned into windrows. Reapers are used for harvesting small grains, such as oats and barley, and also for harvesting hay. Combines are used for harvesting wheat, oats, barley, and other large grains.


There are many types of farming equipment available, each designed to suit a specific function. Farmers need to regularly upgrade their equipment to remain competitive, and this creates an opportunity for investors who are looking to get involved in this business.

When buying equipment, it is important to seek out suppliers who have experience in servicing this sector, one such firm who cover the West Midlands in the UK, is Heming Engineering – please see